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First Aid for Epilepsy

If you happen to witness a seizure, the most important thing is to make sure the person does not harm him/herself during or after the seizure. You could help by:

  • Do not insert anything into the mouth
  • Loosen clothing around the person's neck
  • Remove sharp objects
  • Only move the person if they are in a dangerous place
  • Protect the head from injury
  • Reassure and stay until he/she has regained consciousness
  • Turn the person on one side so saliva can flow out of the mouth
  • Roll the person on their side after the seizure subsides.
  • Do not restrain the person
  • Place a cushion such as a folded coat under the head
  • After the seizure, allow the person to rest or sleep if necessary
  • Do not give anything to drink until consciousness is fully regained
  • Contact the parent or guardian if a child had the seizure
  • When the seizure is over, watch the person for signs of confusion

    After all types of seizures:

    Talk gently to the person, be comforting and reassuring as it may take some time for the person to become re-oriented.


    If a seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes, or repeats without full recovery seek medical assistance immediately. Although this rarely occurs, it is a serious medical emergency.

    You can still reduce seizures:

    Even though you may not be able to prevent seizures completely, but you can reduce the frequency of their occurrence by:

  • Don't forget to take all the medication
  • Get enough rest and sleep
  • Don't stress yourself
  • Take nutritious foods
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol
  • Avoid taking stimulants and sleeping pills